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social impacts of mining in australia

One way this has been addressed is through the Western Australian Government’s Royalties for Regions agreement. 3. 30 days to view or download: Although we are in no danger of physically running out of minerals any time soon, we do need to address the fact that continued production and declining resource quality create technological, environmental and social challenges. 48 hours to view or download: So, what happens when mining comes to town, and what happens when it leaves? What is the future of mining in Australia, and can it be more sustainable? It has the ability to drive environmental efficiencies (e.g. Instead of being an asset and allowing the development, mines often become an obstacle for the countries concerned. Successful technologies will be those that not only solve technical problems but also meet the needs of decision-makers, local communities and the broader Australian public. Cited by lists all citing articles based on Crossref citations.Articles with the Crossref icon will open in a new tab. One focus of the cluster’s work has been the direct impacts of the extractive industries on local communities in mining regions around Australia, and how those regions transition through various stages of mining activity. Oxfarm Australia recently said that mining can impact local communities both positively and negatively. Led by researchers at the Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology, Sydney, Vision 2040 aims to provide a clear view of what governments, communities and the industry would need to do to have mining and mineral production contribute positively to a sustainable Australia in 2040. These processes also have an impact on the atmosphere from the emissions of … Just consider this: it takes two grams of gold to make a wedding ring. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS . Led by colleagues at the University of Queensland (UQ), the cluster’s research in this area has found that the success of technologies is no longer only about their technical efficiency but also their acceptability to the Australian public. The demand for mineral resources is likely to stay high for the foreseeable future so finding more sustainable ways for the industry to operate in Australia is important. While larger intact forest ecosystems may withstand the impacts of mining and oil development, 3099067 Over time, exposure to the dust created by mining operations can lead to disease and buildup of scar tissue in the lungs. At the same time, the mining industry is facing decreasing productivity as a result of declining ore grades and ore bodies that are increasingly remote and difficult to access. impact arising from uranium mining in Australia using the Ranger and Jabiluka mines as a case study. In many cases, that money travels back to capital cities rather than being spent locally. While the economic impacts of mining have been thoroughly explored and social impacts … At the same time, there is increasing community interest and pressure on government and industry to ensure that these resources are being managed for the benefit of all Australians. However, little information exists to classify key impacts … This process has created controversy in Australia and other places where it is used for coal seam gas resources, much of which is based on little or incomplete information about the process, its impacts and the risks to people and the environment. While the economic impacts of mining have been thoroughly explored and social impacts recently have received growing attention, increasingly, mining developments are being required to consider how they affect local communities and implement strategies to minimise negative impacts … The main perceived benefit of mining was the creation of jobs. The mining industry forms an important pillar of the global economy. share of population participating in voluntary work for a group or an organisation within the community (35%) in comparison to other Western Australian (WA) mining communities (25% average for the State). Resources Policy, 35(2), 98–115. In particular, the cluster has focused on examining what the future of mining in Australia might hold, how Australian regions are impacted by mining, and how technology influences the way mining is conducted and experienced by those around it. This is particularly the case in China, which has seen incredible development since the 1990s and is Australia’s second largest export destination behind Japan. In turn, if the Australian government was genuinely interested in the job security of those working in and around Australia's coal mines, the last thing it … 3. Ore grade has decreased over time across most commodities in Australia. More often than not, when a transient workforce is involved they are unlikely to be spending their income in the regions where the minerals are being extracted. 2) it may be more economical in the future to recycle and recover materials from products at the end of their life cycle than dig them out of the ground. 4. The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) states that in the year to March 2011 the value of mining exports was $155 billion and represented 52.8% of the value of total exports from this country, with the bulk of that being contributed by iron ore and coal. We need to get smarter and more creative in how we approach the business of mining, and what we export to the world. Although SIA is usually applied to planned interventions, the same techniques can be used to evaluate the social impact of unplanned events, for example, disasters, demographic change, and epidemics.SIA is important in applied … Due to the close relationship between the industry’s social licence to operate and technology, the cluster’s research has identified an opportunity to address future social challenges within the design stage of technology development using a method known as Social Licence in Design, as described by UQ researcher Dr Daniel Franks. The key direct impact of mining on forest ecosystems is the removal of vegetation and canopy cover. Other mining companies have indicated that they too have plans to roll out autonomous haul truck fleets and underground loaders. This choice has been made because two defining characteristics of the region highlight the significance of both environmental and social issues at Ranger and Jabiluka. 2.1 The impacts of uranium mining are very broad. We use cookies to improve your website experience. Mining activities in Australia tend to be cyclical, with boom and bust times impacting upon associated communities. As a nation, it is important that we think about the benefits of mining balanced against the costs – those resources under the ground belong to all Australians and we should be active in shaping how they are exploited and how the benefits that flow from mining are used and distributed. Estimated expenditure through the Royalties for Regions fund from 2008–09 to 2014–15 is $6.1 billion, with $1.2 billion allocated to 2011–12. USD 543.00 4.2 Direct Effects of the Mining Industry on the National Economy . One of the clear messages that has emerged thus far is the idea that Australia needs to develop a national minerals policy supported by a comprehensive set of mineral accounts that provides some transparency about resource stocks (both above and below the ground), along with some detailed analysis of the impacts of mining activities. In fact, in 2008–09 more revenue was generated from mining software sales by Australian companies than from combined sales of uranium and zinc ores. Outcomes of the RUEI The RUEI paid special attention to social impact issues and proposed a range of measures to address this, including the establishment of a joint managed National Park to act as a social impact 'buffer' — ensuring space between new residents, tourists and local indigenous people. Waste rock generated by mining has increased for most commodities over time in Australia. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. That can either be produced from 10,000 kg of gold ore or 10 kg of mobile telephones. 2. Social and economic impact assessment is an important component of environmental planning and project approvals processes in Australia. THE SOCIAL IMPACT OF MINING AND DEVELOPMENT 4.1. Research Report No. Automation sounds like a good way of addressing current labour shortages in the mining industry, especially as mining operations continue to expand across Australia. Mankind started mining for precious metals between 20,000 and 40,000 years ago. Cultural and Social Impacts of Gold From the first nugget found in a Bathurst Creek to the 370,000 immigrants who arrived in Australian during 1852, every step of the gold rush changed this nation. Social impacts of mining at a local community level and the role of CSR for long-term sustainability. However, automation implies that some jobs currently based in mining regions will be lost to higher skilled positions located in capital cities and regional centres. The mining industry in Australia is significant in both scope and size, and it’s still growing. Adani's proposed mine in Queensland has long been a lightning rod for division over coal-mining and climate change in Australia. Some of the key challenges that have emerged for mining regions are the increasingly high cost and shortage of housing, the impact of “fly in and fly out” (FIFO) or “drive in and drive out” (DIDO) workforces, and a significant gap in the wages paid to mining staff and those who work locally in service industries. RR5, Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University and Mineral Policy Institute. Land has a fundamental social and economic importance to indigenous societies, one that can be disrupted and substantially transformed by mining operations. Mining was considered to deliver positive benefits to regional and Indigenous communities. By asking residents what would make their town more or less “liveable” if coal mining expanded in the region, they found that residents thought increasing the number of workcamps separate to the community would make Moranbah a much less attractive place to live. Land use-related impacts and environmental impacts affecting human health and human rights appear to be the most concerning social aspects in the mining sector. What Happens When Mining Comes to Town? Figure 1. The cluster brings together researchers from five Australian universities and CSIRO to collaboratively explore large and complex future sustainability issues in the minerals industry across regional, national and global scales. One of the key outputs of the cluster’s research is the strategy “Vision 2040: Mining, Minerals and Innovation”, which outlines a vision for Australia’s mineral future. This included the creation of jobs for Australians, employment and training opportunities in regional areas, and for Indigenous Australians and women. While the economic impacts of mining have been thoroughly explored and social impacts recently have received growing attention, increasingly, mining developments are being required to consider how they affect local communities and implement strategies to minimise negative impacts they may be causing. Unrefined materials are released when mineral deposits are exposed on the surface through mining. In the past, uranium mining in Australia has certainly delivered some poor environmental impacts. There is also the reality that mineral resources will be exhausted or their extraction will cease to be economically viable, and when this happens communities need to have the capacity to reinvent themselves if they are to maintain their viability into the future. Environmental impacts of mining can occur at local, regional, and global scales through direct and indirect mining practices. This design process attempts to reduce social hazards or minimise potential social risk by involving designers and decision-makers in considering the likely impacts (anticipated and unanticipated) of technologies once deployed, and how these may be communicated to the public more effectively. To gain access to all content online and receive your print copy in the mail you need to Subscribe. These pollutants can damage the health of people living near the minin… As Dr Damien Gircuo of the Institute of Sustainable Futures points out in a recent article in Dialogue, Australia is already a leader in services to mining, such as the development of software and automation technology. In Australia, land use conflict, near-neighbour impacts, mine closure and rehabilitation are contributing to higher social costs associated with mining (Brereton and Forbes, 2004, Brereton et al., 2008, Franks, 2009, Franks et al., 2009). It identified 68 studies organised into seven themes: adverse impacts of increasing non-resident workforces; pressures on infrastructure, housing and services; income inequality; poor child development and education outcomes; pressures on families and relationships; drug and alcohol abuse; and impacts on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders. Impacts can result in erosion, sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, or the contamination of soil, groundwater, and surface water by the chemicals emitted from mining processes. This increase in the amount of mining conducted in Australia, and the value it has for mining companies and the government, has been driven by enormous global demand for commodities like iron ore and coal to fuel industrialisation and urbanisation, and to support population growth around the world. Led by colleagues at Curtin University, Central Queensland University (CQU) and the Australian National University (ANU), the cluster has focused on developing an understanding of the resource development cycle and how this impacts on communities. – The coal mining industry makes a key contribution to the Queensland economy, and is the underlying driver of employment and economic conditions in many local and regional communities. Social or environmental harm may lead to tangible and intangible costs to industry including reputational loss, costly retro-fitting and even the closure of an operation due to a loss of social licence. The mining boom of the last decade has done many things for the state and for Australia, most notably being the economic factor that stopped Australia … There may also be alternative sources for the commodities that we value and opportunities for new and creative mining business models. Mining technology development in the future will benefit strongly from the inclusion of a broader set of voices in considering how technologies are designed and deployed. In an article in Resources Policy, Dr Galina Ivanova and Professor John Rolfe from CQU explored what mining communities want, using the town of Moranbah in Queensland as a case study. These technologies will instigate a change in the nature of employment in the mining sector and, as a result, the way in which mines interact with the communities in which they operate. Currently we are seeing this played out across Australia where land uses such as mining, agriculture and tourism among others are attempting to coexist in the landscape. What this means is that extraction and processing of minerals is becoming more challenging and creating more waste (Fig. If you believe industry propaganda, coal mining is a panacea not only for economic ills but also for smoothing troubled social waters.But a lack of local evidence about the health impact … Yet technology that is poorly designed or inadequately thought through has the potential to create unintended consequences for the environment, reduce the number of jobs available to local community members, and change the way mining and society relate to each other. This article aims to focus on how the social and economic impacts of mining should be assessed and negotiated with local and regional communities., – The following … Lead, arsenic, cadmium, and other toxic elements are often present in such particles. Ensuring that we “get it right” means thinking about mining in new ways to deliver benefit for more Australians and reduce the negative impacts of the industry. reduce water and energy use), improve the cost-efficiency of mining, and improve the safety of industry workers. The analysis of the social impacts of mining is not a new area of academic interest and the Australian booming resource sector influenced a significant research interest in recent years. The proportion of Australia’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP: the value of all final goods and services produced by Australia during a specific period) made up by mining has grown significantly from around 4% in 2004 to around 9% today. Businesses in the mining industry were least affected (38%) by reduced demand for goods and services, and only 17% of businesses (second lowest among all industries) had registered or intended to register for the JobKeeper Payment. Smarter Approaches to Mining The mining industry forms an important pillar of the global economy. For example, with declining ore grades (Fig. Under this scheme the state government promised to distribute 25% of Western Australia’s mining and onshore petroleum royalties to the state’s regional areas each year as an additional investment in projects, infrastructure and community services. Restore content access for purchases made as guest. In some ways, this is about managing the risks associated with technologies – a poorly chosen or unsuitable technology can lead to considerable damage to the public, individual industries, specific mining processes and companies, mine employees and the environment. Social impact assessment (SIA) is a methodology to review the social effects of infrastructure projects and other development interventions. • the use of diamonds in jewellery remains a near-universal symbol of wealth and prestige. According to data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), mining industry revenue increased from around 6 per cent of GDP in 2000 to 14 per cent of GDP by the end of the decade, an average annual growth rate of almost 15 per cent (Table 6). The adverse impacts of COVID-19 were not isolated to Australian businesses and the economy. The mining industry forms an important pillar of the global economy. While the amount of material exported has increased during this period, so has the value of the commodities being extracted. In this section, the focus will be on artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM). 1). While the EIS process remains important for the assessment of new projects, it does not cover all the economic and social impacts of mining on regional communities. In an effort to maximise the positive benefits and minimise the negative impacts of mining, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) has been exploring the future sustainability of the Australian mining industry through the Mineral Futures Collaboration Cluster. As the Mirrar have pointed out, the development of mines in the area brings increased presence and pressure by non-Aboriginal cultural practices, institutions, and economic values, entrenching the dominance of non-Aboriginal … Australia is a major supplier of mineral resources globally and, as a major export industry, mining brings significant financial benefits to the nation. Our work shows that the impacts of mining are not gender neutral. Article Purchase Inform your opinion on scientific issues. USD 45.00 People also read lists articles that other readers of this article have read. 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